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Banca de DEFESA: LUCINDA DE ALMEIDA LERIA

Uma banca de DEFESA de DOUTORADO foi cadastrada pelo programa.
DISCENTE : LUCINDA DE ALMEIDA LERIA
DATA : 09/09/2021
HORA: 14:00
LOCAL: por participação remota
TÍTULO:

LARGE SCALE ASSESSMENT AND ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY: PROTAGONISM OF THE PERSON WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN THE NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION (ENEM)


PÁGINAS: 160
GRANDE ÁREA: Ciências Exatas e da Terra
ÁREA: Ciência da Computação
SUBÁREA: Metodologia e Técnicas da Computação
ESPECIALIDADE: Sistemas de Informação
RESUMO:

Computer-based tests are widely used in large-scale educational assessments worldwide. However, the effective participation of people with visual impairments (PwVI) in these assessments, through the use of Assistive Technology (AT) in an equitable and independent way, is still a challenge. The National High School Examination (ENEM) is the main instrument for accessing Brazilian higher education, and its results are used by public policies to offer places subsidized by the State. Thus, any barrier or difficulty encountered by the PwVI, when taking the exam, may compromise their access to higher education. In this context, the objective of this thesis was to investigate the transition from high school to higher education of PwVI, through the ENEM, seeking to identify social factors that may be related to their performance on the exam, as well as seeking accessible technological solutions and mechanisms that promote accessibility in ENEM for this population. Thus, this work was structured in three studies, with different purposes and methodologies, according to the research objective.

In Study 1, a systematic literature review was carried out investigating the international experiences of the use of accessible technological solutions and ATs, for the participation of PwVI in large-scale assessments. Next, in Study 2, the social factors related to academic performance were analyzed in the ENEM test and, consequently, in the non-access to higher education by the candidate with visual impairment, through the quantitative analysis of microdata from the 2017 and 2018 editions of the exam. Finally, to understand and analyze the context in which the PwVI performs the exam, a documental analysis of ENEM official documents was performed and the social validity of the current process for making the exam accessible was verified, giving voice to 29 PwVI, from 10 different Brazilian states, through qualitative research on accessibility at ENEM carried out in Study 3.

The results of the three studies demonstrated the feasibility of using ATs in large-scale assessments for PwVI, as well as pointing out proposals and recommendations to promote access to higher education for this audience. It is expected that advances in the subject, identified in the detailed and thorough research carried out in this thesis, with a specific focus on PwVI and based on the ENEM assessment, can support the decision to formulate public policies and collaborate in the advancement of future research on the subject. Finally, it is intended that this work could contribute to promoting accessibility and equal conditions in ENEM and other large-scale educational assessments, thus ensuring the educational right for PwVI and other Brazilian students with diverse repertoires.


MEMBROS DA BANCA:
Presidente - Interno ao Programa - 1545987 - FRANCISCO JOSE FRAGA DA SILVA
Membro Titular - Examinador(a) Interno ao Programa - 1563992 - ANA LÍGIA SCOTT
Membro Titular - Examinador(a) Externo ao Programa - 2316523 - CARLA LOPES RODRIGUEZ
Membro Titular - Examinador(a) Externo à Instituição - ENICÉIA GONÇALVES MENDES - UFSCAR
Membro Titular - Examinador(a) Externo à Instituição - RENATA PONTIN DE MATTOS FORTES - USP
Membro Suplente - Examinador(a) Interno ao Programa - 1205456 - LUIZ ALBERTO LUZ DE ALMEIDA
Membro Suplente - Examinador(a) Externo ao Programa - 2976815 - DENISE HIDEKO GOYA
Membro Suplente - Examinador(a) Externo à Instituição - CRISTINA BROGLIA FEITOSA DE LACERDA - UFSCAR
Notícia cadastrada em: 04/08/2021 15:38
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